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Nursing as a Profession

Nursing is a healthcare profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life from birth to deatlh. 

Nurses work in a large variety of specialties where they were independently and as part of a team to assess, plan, implement and evaluate care.

Nursing is the most diverse of all healthcare professions. Nurses practice in a wide range of settings but generally nursing is divided depending on the needs of the person being nursed. 

The major divisions are :

  • The nursing of people with mental health problems- Psychiatric and mental health nursing. 
  • The nursing of people with learning or development disabilities –Learning nursing (UK).
  • The nursing or children- Pediatric nursing. 
  • The nursing of order adults - Geriatric nursing.
  • The nursing of people in acute care and long term care institutional settings.
  • The nursing of people in their own homes- Home health nursing (US), District nursing and Health visiting (UK). See also Live-in nurse.
  • There are also specialist areas such as cardiac nursing, orthopedic nursing, palliative care, perioperative nursing and oncology nursing, or the specialization to cancer.